Rats can range in size from 13–18 inches in length, and can be light brown to black in color. Two rats, the Norway rat and the Roof rat, are two of the most common species. The Norway rat has a blunt snout and ears that are small and covered with hairs. The Norway rat lives in burrows outdoors or in and around stored items, wall voids, and attics. The tail is dark on top and pale beneath. The Roof rat has a pointed snout and the ears are large and nearly naked. This rat may live outdoors in trees and inside structures. The tail is uniformly dark.


If you suspect you have a rat infestation, watch out for:

  • Droppings
  • Sightings of rats themselves (live or dead)
  • Tracks
  • Damage to food or food packaging
  • Growing damage and gnawing sounds
  • Burrows
  • Rodent odors


Rats are medically important because they are known to carry many diseases such as food poisoning, rat bite fever, Weil’s disease, rickettsia diseases, and plague. Rats have also been known to bite. Their gnawing habits can damage property and lead to fires if they gnaw on wire insulation. Their droppings contaminate food and surroundings, and their burrows can damage landscapes, as well as lead to soil erosion. These effects make it vital to seek out pest control services.


Exclusion and sanitation pest control measures provide solutions to rodent pest management. Exclusion involves eliminating dead spaces, cracks, crevices, and other openings so pests cannot hide in or enter buildings. Sanitation involves eliminating food, harborage, and water sources. Excluding entry points with steel wool can help keep them out of your home or business. Common food sources around the home include pet foods, birdseed, as well as garden seed. Harborage reduction can be accomplished by eliminating undesirable vegetations next to buildings, stored lumber, rock piles, old equipment and construction materials.


Rats are very cautious in nature and require professional pest control treatment to reduce an infestation in a given area. High Country Pest Control in Colorado Springs offers a professional treatment for the reduction of rats. Our technicians are thoroughly trained to address your rat problems. Don’t waste time and money on over-the-counter remedies or unprofessional service. Call High Country Pest Control to schedule a reliable pest control service today!